Jul 222019

Calvin Leon Graham (April 3, 1930 – November 6, 1992) was the youngest U.S. serviceman to serve and fight during World War II. Following the attack on Pearl Harbor, he enlisted in the United States Navy from Houston, Texas on August 15, 1942, at the age of 12.

Calvin Leon Graham
Calvin Graham.jpg

Seaman First Class Calvin Graham in 1942
Born April 3, 1930
Canton, Texas
Died November 6, 1992 (aged 62)
Fort Worth, Texas
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1942–1943
Rank Seaman first class – USN
Corporal – USMC[1]
Unit USS South Dakota
Battles/wars World War II

Awards Bronze Star Medal ribbon.svg Bronze Star Medal (1+1 “V” Device
Purple Heart ribbon.svg Purple Heart

Graham’s decorations and military awards, as finally settled circa 1994 after intervention by Presidents Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton:


Bronze star

Bronze star
Bronze star

1st Row Bronze Star Medal with Combat “V”
2nd Row Purple Heart Medal Navy Unit Commendation
with service star
American Campaign Medal
3rd Row Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal 
with two service stars
World War II Victory Medal National Defense Service Medal

Apr 112019

© Artistic Ave Productions
By Artistic Ave Productions – Own work, – CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Mar 102019

© Artistic Ave Productions
By Artistic Ave Productions – Own work, – CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

Aug 152018

Elizabeth Cochrane Seaman (May 5, 1864 – January 27, 1922), better known by her pen name Nellie Bly, was an American journalist who was widely known for her record-breaking trip around the world in 72 days, in emulation of Jules Verne’s fictional character Phileas Fogg, and an exposé in which she worked undercover to report on a mental institution from within.  She was a pioneer in her field, and launched a new kind of investigative journalism.  Bly was also a writer, industrialist, inventor, and a charity worker.

Aug 152018

Elizabeth Bisland Wetmore (February 11, 1861 – January 6, 1929) was an American journalist and author, perhaps best known for her 1889–1890 race around the world against Nellie Bly, which drew worldwide attention.

Jul 222018

Geological map and cross-section of the Rising Star cave system. (A) Geological Map showing the distribution of chert-free dolomite and fracture systems controlling the cave. Inset shows the location of the Cradle of Humankind in southern Africa; (B) Northeast-Southwest, schematic cross section through the cave system, relative to several chert marker horizons; (C) Detailed map of the Dinaledi Chamber showing the orientation of the floor and the position of the excavation and sampling sites.

  1. Paul HGM Dirks Is a corresponding author 
  2. Lee R Berger Is a corresponding author 
  3. Eric M Roberts 
  4. Jan D Kramers 
  5. John Hawks 
  6. Patrick S Randolph-Quinney 
  7. Marina Elliott 
  8. Charles M Musiba 
  9. Steven E Churchill 
  10. Darryl J de Ruiter 
  11. Peter Schmid 
  12. Lucinda R Backwell 
  13. Georgy A Belyanin 
  14. Pedro Boshoff 
  15. K Lindsay Hunter 
  16. Elen M Feuerriegel 
  17. Alia Gurtov 
  18. James du G Harrison 
  19. Rick Hunter 
  20. Ashley Kruger 
  21. Hannah Morris 
  22. Tebogo V Makhubela 
  23. Becca Peixotto 
  24. Steven Tucker
May 232018

;>>> Photos Below

Montparnasse Derailment: The Story Behind the Incredible Images of the Train That Broke Through a Building in Paris, 1895

These incredible photos of the wreck at Gare Montparnasse in Paris shows a very dramatic scene of a train that has crashed through the wall and partially tumbled to the street. The cause? Both mechanical failure and human error. The train was late, so the driver had it pull into the station at a high speed. It had two different types of braking systems: handbrakes and an air brake known as a Westinghouse brake. The conductor realized that the train was going too fast and applied the Westinghouse brake, however it didn’t work. Read on for the story behind the incredible images.

At first glance, the photos look like stills from an old disaster movie or a spectacular example of theme park scenery welcoming visitors to some wild new ride. However, these extraordinary images are actually testament to a real-life tragedy, the derailment of the Granville-Paris Express that on October 22, 1895 tore through the façade of the Gare Montparnasse, injuring a number of its conductors as well as a handful of passengers and claiming the life of a particularly unlucky mother of two.

Guillaume-Marie Pellerin had spent much of his life working the railroads. With 19 years of engineering experience behind him, the Express was in safe hands. As he fired up the engines that fateful Tuesday morning and the train pulled out of Granville station on time, there was nothing to suggest that the journey would result in one of the most infamous and instantly recognizable disasters in transportation history.

The route was a relatively simple one, roughly 400km from the seaside resort of Granville on the Lower Normandy coastline to the terminal at Paris Montparnasse. The train comprised a steam locomotive, three baggage cars, a postal car, and six passenger carriages. These days, the same journey takes around three hours, but back in 1895 it required closer to seven; despite a punctual start, Pellerin and his crew eventually realized that they were running a couple of minutes behind schedule. Keen to keep good time, the engineer made the momentous decision to approach Montparnasse at cruising speed, stoking the coals until the train was flat out at close to 60km/h.

With the station in sight, Pellerin applied the Westinghouse air brake which, unfortunately for all involved, chose that particular moment to fail. Conductor Albert Mariette, whose duty it was to apply the locomotive’s emergency handbrake, found himself temporarily indisposed, buried beneath a mountain of overdue paperwork. Failing to gauge the urgency of the situation until it was already too late, Mariette slammed on the brakes just a few feet short of the buffer and could only look on in horror as the train mounted the platform, skidded 100 feet across the station concourse before ploughing through the station facade and plummeting a final 30 feet to the Place de Rennes below.

Despite the damage to the station, the locomotive itself remained largely intact and all six passenger carriages stopped short of the obliterated façade, mercifully resulting in only a few minor injuries, a couple of squashed suitcases and some top hats knocked askew. Sadly, the sole casualty of the incident would usually have been nowhere near the scene. Marie-Augustine Aguilard, standing in for her newspaper vendor husband, was crushed by falling masonry as she stood awaiting his return.

An inquest into the disaster led to Pellerin, the engineer, being charged 50 francs for his reckless speeding while Mariette, the conductor who failed to apply brakes in a timely fashion, was also slapped with a hefty 25-franc fine. The train remained exactly where it had come to rest for two days while the investigation into its derailment was underway. An initial attempt to move it using a team of fourteen horses proved fruitless, ten men and a 250-ton winch eventually being required to lower the errant locomotive to the ground, where it was carted off for repair and found to have suffered remarkably little damage.

May 132018

A couple from the, Manor of St. George.

Manor St. George or St. George’s Manor,

was a large tract of land purchased by William “Tangier” Smith in the 17th century on Long Island, in central Suffolk County, New York. Parts of the original parcel, which was approximately 64,000 acres (260 km2) of land, are preserved in bits and pieces: 127 acres (0.51 km²) and the main house and buildings are called the Manor of St. George and located in Shirley; 35 acres (0.14 km²) and another house are called the Longwood Estate and located in Ridge; and 35 acres (0.14 km²) became part of the William Floyd Estate.

The Museum Manor of St. George is in a testamentary trust set up underneath the last will and testament of the late Eugenie A.T. Smith. The management of the manor rest with the trustees. The purpose of the private trust is to promote the Smith family history dating back to 1683. The Longwood Estate (sometimes called the Smith Estate) is maintained by the Town of Brookhaven, and the Floyd Estate is maintained by the National Park Service. The hamlet of Manorville also derives its name from Manor St. George.

Manor St. George originally stretched from Carman’s River (then called the Connecticut River) in the west to the edge of Southampton Town in the east, and from the Atlantic Ocean in the south to around present-day New York State Route 25 in the north.

© Artistic Ave Productions

By Artistic Ave Productions – Own work, – CC BY-NC-ND 4.0

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